Issue 1

issue date: january 1998

Contents

WAR AS A PHILOSOPHICAL THEME

Milan Galović

Summary

The study is a part of the wider conceived philosophical study of war as a "phenomenon" which follows man through his history as a destiny, and also the attempt to comprehend the possibilities and reality of contemporary "technological era". Starting with the relevant philosophers, from Aristotle to C. Schmitt, this work is attempt to see war as a philosophical theme through philosophical disciplines, from economy to religion. Besides economic and political, the special emphasize has been put on philosophical research of cultural or spiritual fundamentals of war. That is the reason why the theological fundamentals of war, from exegesis of some Biblical standpoints to thinking of the great theologians of the Middle Ages, have been addressed at the end of the study.
In this way, there is an open possibility for the continuation of the study by addressing philosophical fundamentals of the contemporary political war theories, spiritual and national roots of the war and liberal-pacifist theories. It is certain that such research must take into consideration all changes that occurred in the very essence of the war, caused by a shift toward technological perfection, the war reality becoming virtual and bringing closer of the pacifist and the bellicose discourse.

HAYDUKS, SERFS, ASKERS AND KNIGHTS (Symbolical identities of the YPA and post-yugoslav armies)

Ivo Žanić

Summary

The paper analyses the construction of communist Yugoslavia symbolic legitimation and its constitutive sources in traditional culture. The new official imagery encompassed and reinterpreted two already historically moulded models: the eastern one (Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro), with its idealized anti-Ottoman hajduk figure, and the western one (Slovenia, Croatia), with its anti-feudal peasant revolts motifs. The third living social memory, that of Moslem Bosniaks, has been systematically excluded. After the collapse of Yugoslavia Serbia and her satellitic "states" in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina pushed forward the same model, Slovenia and Croatia - and their armies - constructed new symbolic proclamations of identity in opposition with communist Yugoslav one, while Moslem Bosniak political elite reduced symbolic identity of the country to Ottoman epoch.

THE WAR IN CROATIA 1991-1995, PART ONE: THE CAUSES OF THE WAR AND MILITARY OPERATIONS TILL SARAJEVO TRUCE

Ozren Žunec

Summary

This part of the study considers the causes of the war in Croatia in the light of political changes in the East Europe, the nature and the ways in which former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia functioned and the role of Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), especially the rise of Serbian nationalism including the project for territorial expansion of Serbia. The plans and preparations made by all sides have been considered including the summary and analysis of the basic elements of the war operations: since the beginning of the Serbian rebellion in Croatia and the consequences of the war in Slovenia, followed by the creation of the Croatian Army and the Yugoslav People's Army offensive in the fall of 1991, and the Croatian counter-offensive at the end of 1991. The special attention has been paid to battle for Vukovar which was a genuine turning point of the war but also the example of the attack operation and the defence of settlement.

PREPARATIONS FOR THE WAR AND THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IN 1992

Tarik Kulenović

Summary

The study considers events which took place in Bosnia-Herzegovina between the summer of 1991 and the end of October, 1992, the period of preparations for the war and the first stage of the war in B-H. The author's intention was to present the military aspect of events in B-H, including the view on political factors which influenced the development of conflict, establish the key elements and positions of the sides in conflict at the beginning of the war, and the level of preparedness of the sides in conflict for the war. The study also considers the events which precede the beginning of military conflict, the course of military operations at the beginning of the war, and sides in conflict - the way they were formed and entered the war, and the structure of armed formations.

EDUCATION OF DEFENDERS - CROATIAN ECONOMIC CHALLENGE AND POTENTIAL FOR 21st CENTURY

Branko Bošnjak

Summary

The study represents the extended version of the draft paper prepared for the round table under the same title organized by the Association of the Croatian War Veterans of Republic of Croatia, purpose of which was to encourage new approaches to solve basic problems of living for the defender's population (war veterans). Among those, the issue of defenders' high and long-lasting unemployment rate (more than 40 000 by the end of 1997) stands out, followed by the unsatisfactory educational structure of defenders and inadequate legal provisions of the right on education, specially in adult education system, and inadequate organizational and methodological solutions in educational process which disregard the age and experience, etc. Considering the role of knowledge and education world wide the author emphasizes the connection between the level of education among the population and economic growth, and advocates the larger state investments in war veterans schooling as a long-term most profitable investment and the creation of the new atmosphere in the society where the new approach to work, knowledge and education would have a special value. New quality of work, knowledge and education are potentially the most important keys for the economic development.

© POLEMOS™ 2009. - Izrada: Biobit d.o.o. - Dizajn: ZhZ design