Issue 20

issue date: october 2007

Contents

WAR VETERANS IN ANCIENT ROME AND IN PRESENT-DAY CROATIA

Nada Begić, Mirjana Sanader, Ozren Žunec

Summary

The paper discusses the social position of war veterans in republican and imperial Rome and in post-war Croatia, focusing on comparison of state care for veterans. During more than two millennia a constant will of the community to compensate for veterans’ sacrifice in war is cleary distinguished. It is found that societies tend to compensate the veterans with its most valuable resources and goods. These are also used to facilitate the reintegration of veterans in civil life. On the other hand, the very contents of the rights and benefits granted to veterans differ from society to society and depend on its historical development.

ON HEURISTIC VALUE OF THE CONCEPT OF MILITARY CULTURE

Petra Klarić Rodik

Summary

The article begins with the constatation of frequent usage of the concept of military culture, beginning in1990s. Intra-disciplinary and contextual factors contributed to the broad embracement of this concept. Various theoretical conceptualizations and research strategies using the concept of military culture are discussed. Conclusion is that it is hard to find such definition of military sulture that would be allencompassing and opreationable. Nevertheless, the heuristic value of the concept lies in its ability to open up innovative themes and research perspectives, some of them completely unthinkable from within the horizons of the classic military sociology.

BRANCH, SERVICE AND SPECIALTY INSIGNIA ON MILITARY UNIFORMS

Željko Heimer

Summary

The marking of different military professions is an integral part of the complete set of the military uniform insignia. Two basic visual systems are used in general – different colours, i.e. colours of arms and figurative markings, i.e. badges. This paper provides an overview of the development of the insignia system marking branches and professions in the militaries of the states of which Croatia was a part during the 19th and 20th century, as well as a choice of such systems in some current European armed forces. This type of insignia is not yet introduced in the Republic of Croatia. A system combining colours to denote regiments was used in Austria-Hungary, while the professions within were indicated only rudimentary. In Yugoslavia, a system of colours was regulated with a few distinctive badges, the number of which was gradually increased until the beginning of the World War II. In the Independent State of Croatia, colours and badges were combined, however, with frequent changes in the system. The partisan units introduced a colour system as well, while after the World War II the Yugoslav People’s Army introduced exclusively the badges. By increasing various professions that have to be indicated the system based on colours proves to be ineffective due to the insufficient differentiability.

VICTIMS OF ALLIED BOMBARDMENTS OF THE INDEPENDENT CROATIAN STATE IN THE YUGOSLAV LISTS OF VICTIMS (1947, 1950 AND 1964) AND CROATIAN LISTS OF VICTIMS (1991-2005)

Marica Karakaš Obradov

Summary

After World War II, there were three lists of victims compiled in Yugoslavia (in 1947, 1950 and 1964). According to the first list, 4,134 persons were killed in the bombardments of Allies, according to the second list their number was 3,719, and according to the third list 655 persons. Since there was no possibility to request from the Allies and the Soviets the indemnification for war damages, the material damages inflicted by the Allies was as a rule attributed to the occupation forces in the time of the attacks, and the victims were categorized as the victims of fascist terror. The Yugoslav system and society in the period after war showed the most extreme ideological and political partiality when dividing the victims into “suitable” and “unsuitable”, or, as in the case of the victims of allied forces’ bombardments, into “desirable” and “undesirable”. Victimologies, i.e. the books containing data on victims that were published in the period 1991 – 1995 are ethnocentric because most of the victims listed were of Croatian nationality, and these books were aimed more on listing the victims that had been “unsuitable” until then, so that the interest in the victims of the Allied bombardments simply failed to take place. The reason of rather small share of the victims of Allied bombardments in the books containing data on victims is also the fact that most researches were performed in smaller areas that were the targets of allied air forces only occasionally.

PHENOMENON OF THE ‘’PRIVATE MILITARY COMPANIES’’: INEVITABLE COMPONENT IN 21-CENTURY CONFLICTS

Robert Mikac

Summary

What is common to security of Afghanistan President, building jail complex in Guantanamo bay, collection of inquiry data in Iraq, destruction of crops in Columbia and managing with informatics and communication systems to prevent attacks on USA? By coordination with national forces all mentioned tasks are independently conducted by private military organizations.

BOOK REVIEWS

Summary

Russell, Richard L. (2007.) Sharpening Strategic Intelligence: Why The CIA Gets It Wrong And What Needs To Be Done To Get It Right. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Mirko Bilandžić)

masthead

Glavni i odgovorni urednik – Editor-in-Chief

Ozren Žunec

Izvršna urednica – Executive Editor

Petra Klarić Rodik

Organizacijski urednik – Organization Editor

Velimir Milaković

Članovi uredništva – Associate Editors

Nenad Fanuko, Zvonimir Mahečić, Davor Marijan,
Tomislav Smerić, Siniša Tatalović, Ivo Žanić

Međunarodni urednici – International Editors

Norman Cigar (Vienna, Virginia, USA), Igor Primorac (Jerusalem, Israel)

Tajništvo – Secretariat

Nada Begić, Tajana Leskovar

Izdavački savjet – Advisory Board

Vjekoslav Afrić, Damir Barbarić, Tomislav Bunjevac, Ivan Cifrić, Ognjen Čaldarović, Benjamin Čulig, Rade Kalanj, Vjeran Katunarić, Vladimir Kolesarić, Mirjana Krizmanić, Krešimir Kufrin, Zvonimir Lerotić, Davorka Matić, Milan Mesić, Tomislav Murati, Darko Polšek, Ivo Prodan, Vesna Pusić, Ivan Rogić, Aleksandar Štulhofer, Anton Tus, Radovan Vukadinović, Herman Vukušić

Međunarodni izdavački savjet – International Advisory Board

Anton Bebler (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Janusz Bugajski (Washington DC, USA), Christina Doctare (Stockholm, Sweden), Bjorn Egge (Oslo, Norway), Matthew Friedman (White River Junction, Vermont, USA), Marjan Malešič (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Anton Žabkar (Ljubljana, Slovenia)

UDK – UDS Classification

Josip Prgomet

Lektura i korektura – Editing and proofreading

Ines Trkulja

Grafičko oblikovanje – Art Director

Darko Bednjanec

Web stranice – Webmaster

Ivica Petrinić

Priprema za tisak – Desk Top Publishing

Zoran Žitnik

Tisak – Printed by

Tiskara Rotim i Market

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