Issue 19

issue date: june 2007

Contents

CONTEMPORARY TERRORISM AS A PHILOSOPHICAL TOPIC

Igor Primorac

Summary

In this paper the author undertakes three tasks. First, he considers the claim that since the attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, terrorism is radically different from what we had to contend with earlier. He argues that the true watershed in the history of terrorism was in the early twentieth century, when “direct” or “individual” terrorism was replaced by its “indirect” or “mass” variety. Second, he offers a definition of (contemporary) terrorism meant to be helpful in discussions of its moral standing, and to avoid the pitfalls of relativism that hampers most public debates about terrorism. To this end, we need to put aside both the identities of the agents and their ultimate aims, and to focus on just what is done and what the proximate aim of doing it is. The definition proposed highlights violence against the innocent with the aim of intimidating and coercing some other person or group into doing things they otherwise would not to. Third, there is a brief discussion of the morality of terrorism, thus defined. The author rejects the consequentialist view of the morality of terrorism as a matter of its consequences, good and bad. Terrorism is wrong in itself, and very seriously wrong at that. But that is not to say that terrorism is absolutely wrong – impermissible in all actual and conceivable circumstances. The correct position on the morality of terrorism is that terrorism is almost absolutely wrong. (A longer version of this paper is forthcoming in English in Cardozo Law Review.)

BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY

Mirko Bilandžić, Ivica Mikulić

Summary

Traditional comprehension of national security was focused on military and political sphere. Contemporary understanding of national security is significantly expanded, and along with these two spheres, today also includes economical, social and ecological spheres. Economical dimension of national security is one of the essential parts of this new concept. In contemporary concept of national security business intelligence as management of business information, has a significant place in spectrum of instruments for realization of economical dimension of national security. In such way, business intelligence became an instrument of national security, as well as
an expression of informational and social power.

MOBILE WAR

Miroslav Goluža

Summary

Ever since 1945 have western military analysts carefully analyzed the doctrine of maneuver warfare employed by their defeated opponent. Americans were clear that the Warsaw pact is superior in Europe both in manpower and in mechanization available. It was also evident that the doctrine based on fire power domination, which they had been using up to then, is no longer appropriate. Also, the military failure in Vietnam made them actively reconsider the doctrine that was based on materiel and fire support. So, it was as late as the beginning of the 1980’s that William S. Lind started to use the term ‘maneuver warfare’. Maneuver warfare was especially interesting for small nations when in situations of extremely asymmetric strategic environment. It offers the weaker side a mighty weapon and the opportunity to win fast with relatively few losses. So the best example of maneuver warfare can be found in Israeli military practice after the Second World War until 1973. In unfavorable conditions that the Israelis facing, maneuver warfare turned out to be the only solution. Small nations can hardly afford to lead a war aiming at wearing out the enemy. Maneuver warfare is also a more humane form of war since it allows the war objectives to be achieved faster with fewer casualties and less destruction.

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF RUMORS IN WAR

Marko Rupčić

Summary

Rumors are constitutional part of unconventional form of struggle and their appearence can be seen from the begining of warfare. Although the significance of rumors is rarely crucial for the course of war, it`s influence is growing, especially in age of developed communication technology. In distinction from informations and misinformation spreaded by propaganda campaign the source of rumor is often hidden, the information is hard to verificate and is often treated as a most recent news. Rumors as unconventional weapon of propaganda was widely spread during the second World war. The volume of contamination by rumor depends on colective psychological factors and psycho-social attribute of individual. In this paper the author deals with ethiological portrait of usage of propaganda and rumors in war, their categorization and the technique of repulsing spreaded rumor.

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF RITUAL IN POSTWAR PERIOD: THE EXAMPLE OF VUKOVAR

Mateo Žanić

Summary

In many analysis dealing with the 1991 aggression against Croatia, the battle for Vukovar takes a special place. This paper analyizes the ways in which Croatians and Serbs have been marking the 18th of November, when the Vukovar battle officially ended. It becomes clear how two, once confronted sides, continue to interpret the reality quite differently, even after the cease of clashes. In order to analize the process of presentation of the past and collective marking of the event significant for the group, terms of ritual and collective memory are used. These concepts enable to question the estimation of past events from present situation. It also points out the importance of the process of continuous reinterpretation of the past. The relationship between the past and present reveals the importance of remembering 18th of November for two reasons. For the establishment of coexistence of different ethnic groups in Vukovar and also for the interpretation of the events within the frames of Croatian national identity.

TRANSLATED PAPER

Summary

Andrew Alexandra: O razlici između pacifizma i pacificizma
(preveo Nikola Hodalj)

BOOK REVIEWS

Summary

Litvinenko, Aleksandar - Jurij Felštinski (2007.) Sakaćenje Rusije: tajni plan vraćanja KGB-ova terora. Zagreb: Znanje. Prevela Gordana Demšer. (Mirko Bilandžić)

NEWS

Željko Heimer

Summary

ZASTAVE U BERLINU - XXII. međunarodni veksilološki kongres „FlagBerlin 2007“ održan je od 5. do 10. kolovoza 2007. godine u samom središtu Berlina na početku Unter den Linden preko puta Opere u palači Berlinskog arsenala (Zeughaus) koja je dom Njemačkom povijesnom muzeju (Deutsche Historishes Museum, DHM).

masthead

Glavni i odgovorni urednik – Editor-in-Chief

Ozren Žunec

Izvršna urednica – Executive Editor

Petra Klarić Rodik

Organizacijski urednik – Organization Editor

Velimir Milaković

Članovi uredništva – Associate Editors

Nenad Fanuko, Zvonimir Mahečić, Davor Marijan,
Tomislav Smerić, Siniša Tatalović, Ivo Žanić

Međunarodni urednici – International Editors

Norman Cigar (Vienna, Virginia, USA), Igor Primorac (Jerusalem, Israel)

Tajništvo – Secretariat

Nada Begić, Tajana Leskovar

Izdavački savjet – Advisory Board

Vjekoslav Afrić, Damir Barbarić, Tomislav Bunjevac, Ivan Cifrić, Ognjen Čaldarović, Benjamin Čulig, Rade Kalanj, Vjeran Katunarić, Vladimir Kolesarić, Mirjana Krizmanić, Krešimir Kufrin, Zvonimir Lerotić, Davorka Matić, Milan Mesić, Tomislav Murati, Darko Polšek, Ivo Prodan, Vesna Pusić, Ivan Rogić, Aleksandar Štulhofer, Anton Tus, Radovan Vukadinović, Herman Vukušić

Međunarodni izdavački savjet – International Advisory Board

Anton Bebler (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Janusz Bugajski (Washington DC, USA), Christina Doctare (Stockholm, Sweden), Bjorn Egge (Oslo, Norway), Matthew Friedman (White River Junction, Vermont, USA), Marjan Malešič (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Anton Žabkar (Ljubljana, Slovenia)

UDK – UDS Classification

Josip Prgomet

Lektura i korektura – Editing and proofreading

Ines Trkulja

Grafičko oblikovanje – Art Director

Darko Bednjanec

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Ivica Petrinić

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Zoran Žitnik

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