Issue 17

issue date: april 2006






Snježana Bagić i Mate Raboteg



Želimir Latković


Yugoslav People's Army: Key Features

Davor Marijan


The paper describes the key features of YPA: its position within the overall framework of SFRY armed forces; its development from within the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and its position as a militarized fraction of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia; its organizational framework; the diversity of its military hardware given its peculiar combination of East and West weaponry; the military education and training system; the importance of military-industrial sector as the push factor for research and development; its recruiting model; its lines of command (with special reference to the relations towards Tito); the main characteristics of Federal Ministry of People's Defence; unrepresentative national/ethnic structure of its professional cadre, that continued to persist in spite the demands for national/ ethnic representativeness declared as the important goal, stated within the 1974 Federal Constitution. The second part of the article gives the review of the organizational restructuring plan codenamed "Unity" that has been implemented without the regards for the Federal Constitution. Achieving the new organizational framework, YPA sided with Serbia and took part in war from 1990 to 1992.

YPA's Education and Training Resources and Capacities

Simeon Kovačev, Zdenko Matijaščić, Josip Petrović


This paper reviews the YPA 's education and training resources and institutions. It overviews the educational/training capacities and estimates the value of these resources and institutions, including: soldiers training centers, special schools, secondary military schools, military academies, military school centers and reserve officer schools. Besides, the national/ethnic structures of candidates at selected educational levels are presented, as well as the characteristics of foreign nationality armed forces personnel schooling at YPA's educational and training institutions. Finally, all the movable and unmovable educational and training equipment value is estimated, without values of real estate, buildings and their basic infrastructure. The value balance-sheet for all former state republics is created. Introductory part of the article gives the overview of methodological approach used in research and presents the history of the development of YPA educational and training institutions. This is followed by inventories and descriptions of YPA educational and training institutions and their activities, their value estimation - based on equipment inventories -and the shared balance-sheet reviews of overall YPA educational and training facilities. The research presented in this paper is primarily based on original YPA archives documents.

YPA's Scientific Research Resources and Capacities

Simeon Kovačev, Zdenko Matijaščić, Josip Petrović


This paper gives review and value estimation of scientific and research resources in YPA: scientific research institutions activities, equipments and personnel, realized research and development projects and information support in YPA. This paper consists of: the overview of methodological approach used in research and presents the historic development of scientific research in YPA, the catalog of employees of research institutions with their professional qualifications, the inventories of most important research and development projects of selected scopes of work with the estimation of their values, the inventories and basic characteristics of research activities, the value estimations of equipment belonging to scientific research institutions and the inventory and estimation of complete information support in YPA. The value of equipment of research institutions in YPA without values of real estate, buildings and basic electrical, water pipeline, sewage system and other infrastructure is presented. Also, the value of major scientific and research projects in YPA is estimated in order to compile the balance-sheet of this part of YPA shared assets among the former state republics. The YPA archives and YPA documents (decisions, decrees, regulations, official military certificates, bulletins, reports, plans, programs, instructions and other materials) as well as written or oral history of former YPA researchers are used to identify the major part of determined and inventoried YPA scientific and research institution assets.

SFRY Military-Industrial Complex

Simeon Kovačev, Zdenko Matijaščić, Josip Petrović


The paper, a part of the Succession Project, represents the first account of the expert evaluation of military industrial complex in former socialist Yugoslavia, addressing its elements, size, value and balance-sheet between former republics. Military industrial complex of former Yugoslavia consisted of members of Association of Military Arms and Equipment Industry of Yugoslavia (known by acronym ZINVOJ), followed by other manufacturers of weapons and equipment and by various repairing facilities. Applying complex methodology, and using historical accounts, available statistical data, oral history and other analytical and synthetical tools, the paper identifies all resources, gives its material value and establishes balance sheets in this field. Given the complexity of the matter, limited availability of archival documentation and relatively high total value of the resources, the establishment of a reliable basis upon which Croatia can claim compensation for its half a century long contribution to military industrial complex of former state. The results clearly show that Serbia had the advantage in this field and used it as military, political and psychological means during the bloody dissolution of second Yugoslavia. In that sense, the role of YPA imposing itself above the civilian institutions of the federal state as a guardian of centralist unitary Yugoslavia as well as the bastion of communist ideology was more than important.


Glavni i odgovorni urednik – Editor-in-Chief

Ozren Žunec

Izvršna urednica – Executive Editor

Petra Klarić Rodik

Organizacijski urednik – Organization Editor

Velimir Milaković

Članovi uredništva – Associate Editors

Nenad Fanuko, Zvonimir Mahečić, Davor Marijan,
Tomislav Smerić, Siniša Tatalović, Ivo Žanić

Međunarodni urednici – International Editors

Norman Cigar (Vienna, Virginia, USA), Igor Primorac (Jerusalem, Israel)

Tajništvo – Secretariat

Nada Begić, Tajana Leskovar

Izdavački savjet – Advisory Board

Vjekoslav Afrić, Damir Barbarić, Tomislav Bunjevac, Ivan Cifrić, Ognjen Čaldarović, Benjamin Čulig, Rade Kalanj, Vjeran Katunarić, Vladimir Kolesarić, Mirjana Krizmanić, Krešimir Kufrin, Zvonimir Lerotić, Davorka Matić, Milan Mesić, Tomislav Murati, Darko Polšek, Ivo Prodan, Vesna Pusić, Ivan Rogić, Aleksandar Štulhofer, Anton Tus, Radovan Vukadinović, Herman Vukušić

Međunarodni izdavački savjet – International Advisory Board

Anton Bebler (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Janusz Bugajski (Washington DC, USA), Christina Doctare (Stockholm, Sweden), Bjorn Egge (Oslo, Norway), Matthew Friedman (White River Junction, Vermont, USA), Marjan Malešič (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Anton Žabkar (Ljubljana, Slovenia)

UDK – UDS Classification

Josip Prgomet

Lektura i korektura – Editing and proofreading

Ljiljana Cikota

Grafičko oblikovanje – Art Director

Darko Bednjanec

Web stranice – Webmaster

Ivica Petrinić

Priprema za tisak – Desk Top Publishing

Zoran Žitnik

Tisak – Printed by

"ZiB-mladost" d.o.o., Zagreb

© POLEMOS™ 2009. - Izrada: Biobit d.o.o. - Dizajn: ZhZ design