Issue 23

issue date: june 2009

Contents

COUNTERTERRORISM POLITICS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

Tonči Prodan

Summary

The European Union - today’s most powerful economic integration which has ambitions of becoming a powerfull political integration – is faced with the problem of terrorism. After the terrorist attack on Madrid in 2004, initiatives were undertaken within the EU to increase cooperation in the fight against terrorism. However, once again the issue arose and the conflict of national sovereignty with transnational interests. Thus, to this day, a satisfactory solution has not been found. EU member countries that have already faced problems of terrorism approach this issue each in its own manner and attempt to solve it as a national problem (Spain, Great Britain, Italy, France etc.). Political integration has homogenous policies – which include a security policy as well as a counterterrorism policy. Despite the fact that a great number of EU member countries have been exposed to terrorist attacks, the EU, for now, has not achieved this goal.

CONCEPT OF THE SOFT POWER AND ITS APPLICATION ON REPUBLIC OF CROATIA

Božo Skoko, Vinko Kovačić

Summary

Many factors are influencing international political and economical position of the countries in modern international relations. Joseph Nye`s concept of Soft Power states that in these processes rising importance lies in values and image of a country, and not in its military and economic power, or size of its territory and number of inhabitants. Defenders of Nye`s concept claim that these trends are helping smaller and poorer countries to reach their goals in international relations thus allowing them to compete with bigger and richer countries. Authors of this paper are analyzing the concept of Soft Power and trying to apply it to Croatia. They are researching possibilities and potentials which are usually included in the concept of Soft Power, and which are, or could be used by Croatia while communicating with the world with a view to strengthen its own international position and image. Authors are assessing possibility that Croatia could base the strategy of strengthening its Soft power on natural, cultural and spiritual values. By emphasizing its own specificities and qualities, we could contribute to preservation of national identity and also differentiate Croatia from its competition in struggle for implementation of political, economical and other external policy goals.

PRIVATISATION OF SECURITY AS A TREND OF THE NEW AGE: PRIVATE SECURITY SECTOR INDUSTRY AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE USA NATIONAL SECURITY

Josip Sajko, Robert Mikac

Summary

Security is a condition inherent to societies cared for by a state and on which we are accustomed to. Most people, generally, begin thinking of security only when they start to lose it. When we speak of economic, social or health security they are a part of political parties programs, and are thought of mostly in pre-election periods and before mentioned security components represent a “lower” level of value for which we’re prepared to engage the state’s most significant resources while the process of losing the individual or, partly, national security, an attack on a personal integrity or a national entity, a condition like that motivates us for undertaking concrete measures. National security is organized, generated and furthered as the primary social function which is placed in the area of the community’s public expenditure. But, what happens when protection of national interests and achieving goals of national security becomes merchandise for sale? Is it a case of an alienation of the social character of a national security? That is the subject of this article.

BRITISH AND AMERICAN TECHNIQUES OF INTERROGATION OF CAPTURED GERMAN SUBMARINERS IN WW2

Robert Derenčin

Summary

British and American naval intelligence services created efficient system of interrogation of captured German submariners in WW2. The article describes, step by step, how the British and the Americans treated captured German submariners, how they interrogated them and techniques of interrogation of captured German submariners in British and American interrogation centres in WW2

OUTSOURCING OF THE STATE MILITARY FUNCTIONS – CASE BLACKWATER

Krešimir Pavlović

Summary

With the ending of the Cold War enormous weapons arsenal of West and East ceased to exist. At the same time, the key role and significance of the modern nation-state has been notably reduced by the global trends of privatization. It appears that the state military sector came to turn by the end of 1980’s. First, this paper attempts to describe some of the basic causes and implications cohered in the phenomena of outsourcing of the state military functions. Second, it gives the contures of all those publicly little known and seemingly endless economical and political possibilities for private military firms to prosper, on the example of American Blackwater.

BATO’S UPRISING 6 AD - STUDENT FORUM

Matej Cota

Summary

In 6 AD Roman empire was at its peak. Under the leadership of future emperor Tiberius it was about to launch the biggest Roman offensive in its history. The goal was conquest of tribe Marcomanni in order to establish complete rule over Germania as far as river Elbe. The sudden uprising in Illyricum, under Bato was the most serious military threat to Rome since the Second Punic war. In order to understand how it got all that momentum and why it was eventually crushed author is analyzing strategical phases of rebellion from the aspect of military history.

BOOK REVIEWS

Summary

CARSTVO NEPOZNATOG, Lana Filipčić - Furedi, Frank (2009.) Poziv na teror. Rastuće carstvo nepoznatog. Zagreb: Naklada Ljevak (preveo Srećko Horvat), 271 stranica.

U KINU S NACISTIMA, Zvonko Trzun - Tegel, Susan (2008.) Nazis and the Cinema. London: Continuum Books, 324 stranice.

masthead

Editor-in-Chief

Mirko Bilandžić

Executive Editor

Mario Werhas

Organization Editor

Velimir Milaković

Associate Editors

Branka Galić, Nenad Fanuko, Kruno Kardov, Petra Rodik

International Editors

Igor Primorac (Melbourne, Australia), Miroslav Hadžić (Beograd, Srbija), Norman Cigar (Vienna, Virginia, USA)

Secretariat

Ivona Pastor

Advisory Board

Vjekoslav Afrić, Damir Barbarić, Josip Barić, Tomislav Bunjevac, Ivan Cifrić, Ognjen Čaldarović, Benjamin Čulig, Zvonimir Freivogel, Rade Kalanj, Vjeran Katunarić, Vladimir Kolesarić, Mirjana Krizmanić, Krešimir Kufrin, Zvonimir Lerotić, Davorka Matić, Milan Mesić, Robert Mikac, Tomislav Murati, Darko Polšek, Ivo Prodan, Vesna Pusić, Ivan Rogić, Aleksandar Štulhofer, Anton Tus, Radovan Vukadinović, Herman Vukušić

International Advisory Board

Anton Bebler (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Janusz Bugajski (Washington DC, USA), Christina Doctare (Stockholm, Sweden), Matthew Friedman (White River Junction, Vermont, USA), Marjan Malešič (Ljubljana, Slovenia), Anton Žabkar (Ljubljana, Slovenia)

UDS Classification

Josip Prgomet

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Ines Trkulja

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Darko Bednjanec

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